Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
a. Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondence by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sound(s) for each consonant and the five major vowels.
b. Recognize and produce rhyming words.
c. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words. Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words. Blend spoken phonemes to form one-syllable words (e.g., /m/ /a/ /n/).
d. Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel (long and short vowels) and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme words. *(This does not include CVCs (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant) ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)
e. Manipulation of phonemes - add, substitute, and delete individual phonemes in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.