Know and apply phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words.
a. Spell regular, single-syllable words that include:
1. Position-based patterns (e.g., ch, -tch; k, -ck; -ge, -dge).
2. Complex consonant blends (e.g., scr, str, squ).
3. Less common vowel teams for long vowels (e.g., ow, oo, au, ou, ue).
4. Vowel-r combinations (e.g., turn, star, third, four, for).
5. Contractions (e.g., we'll, I'm, they've, don't).
6. Homophones (e.g., bear, bare; past, passed).
7. Plurals and possessives (e.g., its, it's).
b. Spell two- and three-syllable words that:
1. Combine closed, open, vowel teams, vowel-r, and CVe (Consonant-Vowel-silent e) syllables (e.g., compete, robot, violet, understand).
2. Include familiar compound words (e.g., houseboat, yellowtail).
3. Include the most common prefixes and derivational suffixes (e.g., un-, re-, en-, -ful, -ment, -less).
c. Spell words with suffixes that require:
1. Consonant doubling (e.g., running, slipped).
2. Dropping silent e (e.g., smiled, paving).
3. Changing y to i (e.g., cried).
d. Spell the 200 most often used words in English, as found in a research-based list, including:
1. Irregular words (e.g., against, many, enough, does).
2. Pattern-based words (e.g., which, kind, have).