Know and apply phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words.
a. Spell common, regular, single-syllable words using:
1. Short vowels and single consonants.
2. Consonant graphemes including qu, x, and -ck; digraphs (e.g., thin, shop, when, much, sing); and doubled letters (e.g., off, will, mess).
3. Initial and final consonant blends (e.g., must, slab, plump).
4. Long vowel patterns spelled correctly, including VCe (Vowel-Consonant-silent e) (e.g., came, like), common vowel teams (e.g., boat, play, wait, see, team, right), and open syllables (e.g., go, cry).
5. Vowel-r combinations, including er, ar, or (e.g., car, her, stir, for, burn).
b. Spell words with inflectional endings:
1. Verbs with -ing, -ed, -s, and no change in the base word (e.g., snowed, playing, jumps).
2. Nouns with -s, -es, and no change to the base word (e.g., rugs, kisses).
3. Adjectives with -er, -est, and no change to the base word (e.g., slower).
c. Spell two-syllable words, including:
1. Words that end in -y or -ly (e.g., smelly, gladly).
2. Common compound words (e.g., hotdog).
3. Words with two closed syllables (e.g., rabbit, wagon).
d. Spell the 100 most often used words in English as found in a research-based list, including:
1. Irregular words (e.g., said, what, are, they, was).
2. Pattern based words (e.g., he, him, for, in, by, like).
e. Spell unfamiliar words phonetically, applying phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.