Arizona Revised Statues (A.R.S.) §§15-701 and 15-701.01 specifically authorize and mandate that the Board adopt academic standards and minimum competency requirements for grades K-12. A.R.S. §15-203 requires that the Board define college and career readiness. The State Board of Education adopts academic standards addressing what a student is ultimately expected to learn (i.e., multiply or divide to solve word problems, analyze how complex characters develop over the course of a text, Count within 1000; skip-count by 5s, 10s, and 100s). Arizona retains authority to approve and modify academic standards; there is no federal law requiring the adoption of specific standards.
Local curriculum (i.e., textbooks, math problems, reading material) are the tools use to teach the standards. Neither the Board nor the Arizona Department of Education (ADE) has the authority to adopt or mandate school curriculum. Under A.R.S. §§15-721 and 15-722, local governing boards (both district and charter) have the sole authority to adopt curriculum via public meetings, allowing for community input regarding what instructional materials are used in classrooms.